AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

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AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Virtual Mentor. July 2003, Volume 5, Number 7.

The Living Code

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The Code on Physicians' Relationship with Industry

The AMA's Code of Medical Ethics provides ample guidance for the interactions between pharmaceutical companies and physicians.

This issue of Virtual Mentor highlights a topical area of professional conduct concerning which the Code of Medical Ethics offers much guidance: physicians' relationship with industry. Code Opinion 8.061 "Gifts to Physicians from Industry," focuses on gifts proffered, chiefly to clinicians, by pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers and other proprietary health care-related entities. The Opinion issues 7 guidelines for recognizing and managing conflicts of interest that can arise whenever physicians accept gifts, and provides a lengthy clarification of each guideline. Opinion 8.061 considers company-sponsored continuing medical education and company-sponsored drug or product information conferences under the definition of "gifts" to physicians.

Other Code opinions offer guidelines for professional conduct in a variety of relationships where financial interest may create conflicts of interest. These include:

Opinion 8.051, "Conflicts of Interest under Capitation"

Opinion 8.054, "Financial Incentives and the Practice of Medicine"

Opinion 8.06, "Drugs and Devices: Prescribing"

Opinion 8.062, "Sale of Non-Health-Related Goods from Physicians' Offices

Opinion 8.063, "Sale of Health-Related Goods from Physicians' Offices"

Opinion 9.011, "Continuing Medical Education"

Prompted by the rising price of prescription drugs, media reports of drug company influence on physicians, and the growing influence of direct-to-consumer marketing, the AMA convened the Working Group for the Communication of Ethical Guidelines on Gifts to Physicians from Industry in August 2000. The group was composed of representatives of the medical profession and industry and was charged with developing better strategies for educating both physicians and the industry about the Code's guidelines. The Working Group has completed 4 online education modules that are available at www.ama-assn.org/go/ethicalgifts.

The PhRMA Code: A New Roadmap for Industry-Physician Interactions, July 2003

Commercial Support for Continuing Medical Education, July 2003

The viewpoints expressed on this site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the AMA.