AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Virtual Mentor. October 2007, Volume 9, Number 10: 732-734.


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About the Contributors

Theme issue: Medicine, Ethics, and War

Theme Issue Editor

Lhasa Ray is a fourth-year medical student at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, and a second-year master's student in Einstein's Clinical Research Training Program. She is applying for internal medicine residency programs and intends to specialize in critical care.


Lee Black, JD, LLM, is a senior research associate for the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs at the American Medical Association in Chicago. Prior to joining the AMA, he was a staff attorney with the Legislative Reference Bureau in Springfield, where he drafted legislation for the Illinois General Assembly.

David Boren, MA, is a medical student at University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago. He was a summer intern at American Medical Association's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in 2007.

Brian S. Carter, MD, is a professor of pediatrics (neonatology) at Vanderbilt University and co-director of the pediatric advance comfort team at Vanderbilt Children's Hospital, both in Nashville, Tennessee. He is a former U.S. Army lieutenant colonel and served as a brigade surgeon in the first Gulf War.

Michael L. Gross, PhD, is chair of the Department of International Relations at the University of Haifa in Israel ( ). His recent publications include Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Moral Dilemmas of Medicine and War (MIT Press, 2006).

Edmund G. Howe, MD, JD, is a professor of psychiatry at the F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine of the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences (USUHS) in Bethesda, Maryland, and is director of the Programs in Ethics. He is a senior scientist at the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, USUHS, and the founding editor-in-chief of the Journal of Clinical Ethics.

Mark A. Levine, MD, is an associate clinical professor of medicine at the University of Colorado in Denver, and active in its Center for Bioethics and Humanities. He is the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' Region VIII chief medical officer. Dr. Levine is a member of the oversight body of the AMA's Institute for Ethics' Ethical Force Program, was elected to the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in 2001, and is the current chair of that council.

Justin M. List, MAR, is a third-year student at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. A former fellow at the Institute of Ethics at the American Medical Association and previous editor for Yale University's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, he recently wrote the chapter "Medical Neutrality and Political Activism: Physicians' Roles in Conflict Situations" in the forthcoming volume Physicians at War: the Dual Loyalties Challenge edited by Fritz Allhoff.

Richard F. Mollica, MD, MAR, is a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston, and director of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma.

Yishai Ofran, MD, is a senior hematologist at Rambam Medical Center, a unit of the State of Israel's Ministry of Health in Haifa. He recently started a two-year research project at the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston. Dr. Ofran did his residency in internal medicine at Hadassah Medical Center, Mount Scopus Hospital, Hebrew University in Jerusalem. He also serves as a military doctor in a reserve parachutist brigade in the Israel Defense Forces.

Wendy Orr, MD, is a consultant in change management, transformation, and diversity in Johannesburg, South Africa. She served as a commissioner on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa, investigating the human rights violations of the apartheid era.

Dominick A. Rascona, MD, is a captain in the U.S. Naval Medical Corps and practices at the Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, Virginia. His area of specialty is adult pulmonary medicine and critical care.

Hernan Reyes, MD, is medical coordinator of the Health in Detention program for the International Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. His specialty is obstetrics and gynecology. For more than 20 years he has been involved with prison health issues and has written extensively on the subject.

Gary Schwartz, MD, is a second-year surgery resident at St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York City. His areas of interest include minimally invasive gastrointestinal surgery and surgical oncology.

Robert J. Walter, DHCE, is completing his fourth year at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. A recipient of the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship Program, he holds the commission of a 2nd Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Medical Service Corps and plans to pursue an Army residency in internal medicine. Robert received his doctorate in health care ethics from Duquesne University in 2004.

Stephen N. Xenakis, MD, is an adjunct clinical professor at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences and has an active clinical and consulting practice. He is a brigadier general (retired) in the United States Army Medical Corps who served in various positions of responsibility over 28 years. He is actively engaged in developing applications of quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) for primary care clinicians.