AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Virtual Mentor. January 2013, Volume 15, Number 1: 94-97.


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About the Contributors

Theme issue: Ethical Issues in Evidence-Based Medicine

Theme Issue Editor

Matthew Rysavy is a medical student at the University of Iowa’s Carver College of Medicine and a PhD candidate in epidemiology at the university’s College of Public Health in Iowa City. His interests include clinical epidemiology and medical education. He has been active in the design and implementation of the evidence-based medicine curriculum at the Carver College of Medicine.


Valarie Blake, JD, MA, is a senior research associate for the American Medical Association Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in Chicago. Ms. Blake completed the Cleveland Fellowship in Advanced Bioethics, received her law degree with a certificate in health law and concentrations in bioethics and global health from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, and obtained a master’s degree in bioethics from Case Western Reserve University. Her research focuses on ethical and legal issues in assisted reproductive technology and reproductive tissue transplants, as well as regulatory issues in research ethics.

Kristin L. Carman, PhD, co-directs the Health Policy and Research group at the American Institutes for Research in Washington, DC. She leads the Community Forum, an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Effective Health Care program that will evaluate and develop approaches to expand the participation of the public and various stakeholder groups in improving the effectiveness of health care.

Martha Carvour, MD, PhD is a first-year resident in internal medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Physician Scientist Training Program in Dallas. Prior to residency, Dr. Carvour completed her MD and PhD (epidemiology) degrees at the University of Iowa, where she first became involved in the design, development, and delivery of an evidence-based medicine curriculum.

Paul J. Christine, MPH, is an MD-PhD student at the University of Michigan Medical School and School of Public Health in Ann Arbor. He is pursuing a doctoral degree in epidemiology and is broadly interested in the relationship between population health and clinical practice.

William Dale, MD, PhD, is the section chief of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine at the University of Chicago, where he established the Specialized Oncology Care and Research in the Elderly (SOCARE) clinic. He has published more than 50 articles on medical decision making, geriatric oncology, and quality of life for older adults, particularly older adults with cancer. Dr. Dale is a board-certified geriatrician with a PhD in health policy.

Stephen Jay Gould, PhD, (1941-2002) was a evolutionary biologist and natural historian, professor at Harvard University and New York University, and acclaimed author of essays and popular science books.

Jodi Halpern, MD, PhD, is an associate professor of bioethics and medical humanities in the Joint Medical Program and the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. A psychiatrist with a doctorate in philosophy, she is the author of From Detached Concern to Empathy: Humanizing Medical Practice (paperback 2011, Oxford University Press).

Jessica Waddell Heeringa, MPH, is a research analyst at Mathematica Policy Research. She co-wrote this manuscript while working at the American Institutes for Research on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Community Forum. Her research interests include health reform implementation, mental health care, and health disparities.

Dien Ho, PhD, is an associate professor of philosophy and health care ethics at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. His research focuses primarily on the ethics of organ transplantation, reproductive autonomy, pharmacist ethics, and theoretical reasoning.

Chetan Huded, MD, is a resident physician in internal medicine at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago. He was last year‘s winner of the Rambach Award, given to the most meritorious resident of the intern class. He is interested in cardiology.

Lauris C. Kaldjian, MD, PhD, is director of the Program in Bioethics and Humanities and a professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine in Iowa City. Dr. Kaldjian practices general internal medicine, and his research has focused on goals of care and patients’ end-of-life treatment preferences, physician disclosure of medical errors, ethics education, and the role of philosophical and religious beliefs in clinical decision making.

Richard L. Kravitz, MD, MSPH, is professor and co-vice chair (research) in the Department of Internal Medicine at University of California, Davis. He is also co-editor in chief of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Thomas W. LeBlanc, MD, MA, is a senior fellow in medical oncology at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He is fellowship-trained in hospice and palliative medicine, and his clinical practice focuses on the care of patients with hematologic malignancies.

Vinay Prasad, MD, is chief fellow in medical oncology at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Prasad coined the term “medical reversal” and has published on the subject in the Journal of the American Medical Association and Archives of Internal Medicine, among others. He is interested in the adoption of rational methods in medical practice.

Salima Punja, BSc, is a PhD candidate in the Department of Medicine at the University of Alberta in Edmonton.

Erika Ramsdale, MD, is in the final year of her hematology/oncology fellowship at the University of Chicago. She has also completed fellowships in geriatric medicine and clinical medical ethics and is planning to pursue a career in geriatric oncology. Her research focuses on clinical decision making in older adults with cancer, particularly those with complex comorbidities or frailty.

Valerie F. Reyna, PhD, is a professor at Cornell University and Weill Cornell Medical College and co-director of Cornell’s University Magnetic Resonance Imaging Facility and its Center for Behavioral Economics and Decision Research. Her recent work has focused on numeracy, medical decision making, risk communication, risk taking, neurobiological models of decision making, and neurocognitive impairment.

Jill Rosno, MD, is a resident physician in internal medicine at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago. A graduate of Dartmouth Medical School, she is interested in general internal medicine.

Joanna E. Siegel, ScD, is a senior scientist in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Center for Outcomes and Evidence. She coordinates the Community Forum Project, which includes a demonstration that is evaluating use of deliberative methods for providing public input on the use of medical evidence in health care decision making, and projects to enhance patient and other stakeholder involvement in AHRQ’s Effective Health Care program.

Ross E.G. Upshur, MD, MSc, is Canada Research Chair in Primary Care Research and a professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine, the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, and the Centre for the Environment at the University of Toronto in Ontario. He is a primary care physician at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. His research interests encompass the philosophy of medicine (both ethics and epistemology), primary care and chronic disease management (particularly in aging populations), and public health control of communicable diseases.

Sunita Vohra, MD, MSc, a pediatrician and clinician scientist with a master’s degree in clinical epidemiology and fellowship training in clinical pharmacology, is the leader of a Canadian Institutes of Health Research project investigating n-of-1 trials. A professor in the Faculty of Medicine and School of Public Health at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Dr. Vohra is the founding director of Canada’s first academic pediatric integrative medicine program, the Complementary and Alternative Research and Education (CARE) program at the Stollery Children’s Hospital. Dr. Vohra is also the program director for Canada’s first fellowship program in pediatric integrative medicine and the founding director of the Canadian Pediatric CAM Network (PedCAM).

Evan A. Wilhelms is a PhD student in the Department of Human Development at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. His research interests have focused on models of decision making in cognitive development and behavioral economics.

Ariel L. Zimerman, MD, PhD, recently finished his doctorate on the history of evidence-based medicine in the Graduate Program in Science, Technology and Society at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan, Israel. His research interests are the history of medical epistemology, the introduction of quantification practices to clinical medicine, and the history of medicine in the late twentieth century. He is also a practicing physician and board certified in obstetriccs and gynecology.