AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

AMA Journal of Ethics. December 2015, Volume 17, Number 12: 1192-1196.


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About the Contributors

Theme issue: Clinical Research Ethics

Theme Issue Editor

Cynthia Tsay, MPhil, is a second-year medical student at the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut. Her research interests include the history of medicine, medical ethics, and health policy. She received her MPhil in the history, philosophy, and sociology of science, medicine and technology from the University of Cambridge, where she wrote her thesis on the role of women physicians on the front during World War I.


Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, MD, PhD, is an associate professor in the Division of Hospital Medicine at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and a general pediatrician at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, where he also directs the Ethics Center and holds the Lee Ault Carter Chair in Pediatric Ethics.

Kristin Stanley Bramlage, MD, is a pediatric gastroenterologist and a staff physician in the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. She has a special interest in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Elizabeth Bromley, MD, PhD, is an assistant professor-in-residence in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences in the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a research psychiatrist at the US Department of Veterans Affairs Desert Pacific Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center. A psychiatrist and medical anthropologist, Dr. Bromley explores the moral and ethical assumptions that shape biomedical research and doctor-patient relationships in her research, including the concepts and practice of research ethics used by community participatory researchers.

Paige E. Finkelstein is a second-year medical student in the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine’s combined MD/MPH program. She is the co-founder of the health care startup, a patent-pending mobile application. She received a bachelor of science in chemical engineering and biology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2014 and hopes to pursue a residency in general surgery followed by a fellowship in surgical oncology.

Michele Heisler, MD, MPA, is a co-director of the University of Michigan Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program and National Clinical Scholars Program in Ann Arbor. She conducts community-partnered research to develop and evaluate innovative primary care approaches to support chronic disease self-management.

Spencer Phillips Hey, PhD, is a postdoctoral research fellow in the Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. He has published on a variety of topics at the intersection of philosophy of science and research ethics.

Loretta Jones, MA, ThD, is the founder and CEO of Healthy African American Families in Los Angeles. Ms. Jones’s career as a civil rights activist, health policy advocate, and social architect—with a focus on disparities in human health, development, and opportunity—has spanned more than 30 years.

Deborah Koniak-Griffin, RNC, EdD, is the associate dean of diversity, equity, and inclusion, and a professor in the School of Nursing at the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Koniak-Griffin served as a principal investigator as well as a co-investigator and consultant on several National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded grants and is currently the primary investigator on a training grant funded by NIH Fogarty International Center. She has scientific expertise, team leadership skills, and experience working with diverse populations and community partners, including school districts, health departments, and community-based organizations. As the director of the Center for Vulnerable Populations Research for the past 14 years, she has also mentored many pre- and postdoctoral fellows and interdisciplinary scholars interested in health disparities research and community partnerships as well as designed numerous educational programs.

Stephanie Alessi Kraft, JD, is a clinical ethics fellow at the School of Medicine and a bioethics researcher at the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics at Stanford University in California. Her current research addresses ethical issues related to research in clinical care settings, the clinical implementation of genetic testing, and patient-physician communication.

Susan E. Lederer, PhD, is the Robert Turell Professor of the History of Medicine and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, Wisconsin. A historian of medicine and biomedical ethics, she has published on the history of both human and animal experimentation. Her books include Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America Before the Second World War (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995), Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature (Rutgers University Press, 2002), and Flesh and Blood: A Cultural History of Transplantation and Transfusion in Twentieth-Century America (Oxford University Press, 2008). She is currently writing a biography of Henry K. Beecher.

Ivan Oransky, MD, is the vice president and global editorial director of MedPage Today, and a Distinguished Writer in Residence at the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute and a clinical assistant professor of medicine in the School of Medicine at New York University in New York City. He is also the co-founder of Retraction Watch, a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation- and Laura and John Arnold Foundation-funded blog about scientific retractions, and the founder of the Embargo Watch blog.

Kathryn Porter, JD, MPH, is a research associate for the Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics at Seattle Children’s Research Institute and a research ethics consultant for the Institute of Translational Health Sciences in Seattle. Her interests include research ethics and ethical and legal issues related to genetics.

Cristina Punzalan, MPH, is the administrator for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), where, as a research associate, she worked with limited-resource Latina women on a healthy lifestyle intervention program. Prior to coming to UCLA in 2001, she spent seven years with the Peace Corps in various capacities, including serving as a health education volunteer and trainer in Ecuador.

The Research on Medical Practices Group at the University of Washington's Institute of Translational Health Sciences (ITHS) and the Stanford Center for Clinical and Translational Research and Education (Spectrum) were jointly established in October of 2013 to conduct empirical research as a basis for informed policy recommendations on the ethical conduct of research on medical practices and communicating with patients about such research.

Marjorie S. Rosenthal, MD, MPH, is an associate research scientist in the Department of Pediatrics at the Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut. She conducts research on teaching community-based participatory research and on decreasing inequities in health education and health behavior for young, vulnerable families, with a focus on factors that obstruct or facilitate equity.

Joseph S. Ross, MD, MHS, is an associate professor of medicine (in the Section of General Internal Medicine) and of public health (in the Department of Health Policy and Management) and an assistant director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Clinical Scholars Program at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. He is also a member of the Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation at the Yale-New Haven Hospital. His expertise includes performance measure development and understanding the translation of clinical research into practice using health policy research methods.

Daniel L. Shaw is a second-year medical student at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut. His interests lie at the intersection of medical technology and health care policy.

Julie A Sochalski, PhD, RN, is an associate professor of nursing and the interim associate dean for academic programs at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in Philadelphia and a co-director of Penn’s National Clinical Scholars Program. She recently served as the director of the Division of Nursing and the principal advisor for health workforce policy at the Health Resources and Services Administration within the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Robert D. Truog, MD, is a professor of medical ethics, anaesthesiology, and pediatrics and the director of the Center for Bioethics at Harvard Medical School in Boston. The author of more than 200 articles in bioethics and related disciplines, including writings on brain death that have been translated into several languages, Dr. Truog also authored the current national guidelines for providing end-of-life care in intensive care units. His books include Talking with Patients and Families about Medical Error: A Guide for Education and Practice (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010), and Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation (Oxford University Press, 2012).

Jennifer K. Walter, MD, PhD, MS, is a pediatrician and philosopher who teaches medical ethics in the Masters in Bioethics program in the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia.

Richard Weinmeyer, JD, MA, MPhil, is a senior research associate for the American Medical Association Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in Chicago. Mr. Weinmeyer received his master’s degree in bioethics and his law degree with a concentration in health law and bioethics from the University of Minnesota, where he served as editor in chief for volume 31 of Law and Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice. He obtained his first master’s degree in sociology from Cambridge University. Previously, Mr. Weinmeyer served as a project coordinator at the University of Minnesota Division of Epidemiology and Community Health. His research interests are in public health law, bioethics, and biomedical research regulation.

Kenneth B. Wells, MD, MPH, is the David Weil Endowed Chair in Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and a professor-in-residence in both the David Geffen School of Medicine and the Fielding School of Public Health at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He is also affiliated adjunct staff of RAND Corporation, academic principal investigator of Community Partners in Care, director of the UCLA/RAND National Institute of Mental Health Center for Partnered Research, director of the Center for Health Services and Society, co-director of the Behavioral Health Center of Excellence at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Health Behavior, and co-director of the UCLA Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program. Dr. Wells has studied the effects of variations in health services systems and financing on clinical care and the use of community-partnered participatory research to address disparities in access to and outcomes of services for depression.

Benjamin S. Wilfond, MD, is the director of the Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics at Seattle Children’s Research Institute and a professor in and the chief of the Division of Bioethics within the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle. Dr. Wilfond is also the chief of the Bioethics Consultation Service and an attending physician in the Division of Pulmonary Medicine at Seattle Children’s Hospital. His scholarship focuses on ethical and policy issues related to the boundaries between research and clinical care, with a focus on pediatrics, and since 2013 he has been exploring the ethical dimensions of involving patients in low risk research as part of clinical care.

Erin P. Williams, MBE, is a senior research specialist at the Berman Institute of Bioethics at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. She recently completed her master of bioethics degree at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research interests include mental health ethics, palliative care, and research ethics.