AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

AMA Journal of Ethics. November 2016, Volume 18, Number 11: 1065-1163.

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Transgender Health and Medicine

Ethics Poll

Poll Question

Should a psychiatrist agree to develop expertise in hormone therapy if long-time patients ask the psychiatrist to manage this aspect of their gender transition?

Find responses to this question in the November 2016 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics.

Content Question

What must physicians do to obtain informed consent from patients seeking surgical, gender-affirming body modifications?

For an analysis of these and other ethical considerations relevant to informed consent and transgender health and medicine, see the November 2016 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics.

From the Editor

Transgender Medicine in the Path to Progress and Human Rights
Cameron R. Waldman
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Ethics Cases

How Should Physicians Refer When Referral Options Are Limited for Transgender Patients?
Commentary by Elizabeth Dietz and Jessica Halem
Full Text | PDF

Should Mental Health Screening and Psychotherapy Be Required Prior to Body Modification for Gender Expression?
Commentary by Timothy F. Murphy
Full Text | PDF

Should Psychiatrists Prescribe Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy to Transgender Adolescents?
Commentary by Cary S. Crall and Rachel K. Jackson
Full Text | PDF


Providing Supportive and Affirming Care to Transgender Patients: An Interview with Dr. Aron Janssen Listen

The Code Says

The AMA Code of Medical Ethics’ Opinions Related to Discrimination and Disparities in Health Care
Danielle Hahn Chaet
Full Text | PDF

State of the Art and Science

What’s in a Guideline? Developing Collaborative and Sound Research Designs that Substantiate Best Practice Recommendations for Transgender Health Care
Madeline B. Deutsch, Asa Radix, and Sari Reisner
Full Text | PDF

Policy Forum

Affirmative and Responsible Health Care for People with Nonconforming Gender Identities and Expressions
Kristen L. Eckstrand, Henry Ng, and Jennifer Potter
Full Text | PDF

Transgender Reproductive Choice and Fertility Preservation
Khadija Mitu
Full Text | PDF

Transgender Rights as Human Rights
Tia Powell, Sophia Shapiro, and Ed Stein
Full Text | PDF

Medicine and Society

Understanding Transgender and Medically Assisted Gender Transition: Feminism as a Critical Resource
Jamie Lindemann Nelson
Full Text | PDF

Medical Narrative

Lessons from a Transgender Patient for Health Care Professionals
Ryan K. Sallans
Full Text | PDF

Second Thoughts

Informed Consent in the Medical Care of Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Patients
Timothy Cavanaugh, Ruben Hopwood, and Cei Lambert
Full Text | PDF


Response to “Ethical and Clinical Dilemmas in Using Psychotropic Medications During Pregnancy”
Jennifer Piel, Suzanne B. Murray, and Carmen Antonela Croicu
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About the Contributors
Full Text | PDF