AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

AMA Journal of Ethics. January 2017, Volume 19, Number 1: 127-131.


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About the Contributors

Theme issue: Human Trafficking and Medicine

Theme Issue Editor

Terri Davis is a physician assistant and third-year medical student at West Virginia University (WVU) School of Medicine in Morgantown. After meeting members of the Hope and Liberation Coalition in preparation for working on this issue, she coordinated an exhibit with them at WVU’s Health Sciences Center and the Morgantown Art Center for National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, January 2017.


Erin Albright, JD, is the regional program director at Give Way to Freedom, in Boston. Her eight years of experience in the anti-trafficking field includes work for the Boston Police Department’s Human Trafficking Unit, managing a network of service providers in New England, participation in and leadership for the Freedom Network USA, and providing consultation and leadership for task forces in New England and across the country. She specializes in building organizational capacity and service collaboration through training and consultation with service providers, law enforcement, task forces, and law makers.

Sharon E. Barrett, DrPH, MS, is the founder and principal consultant at SEB and Associates in Columbia, Maryland, where she consults on a number of health issues including human trafficking, and is an adjunct professor in the University of Maryland Public Health Services Program and at Morgan State University’s School of Community Health and Policy. She has provided expertise to the development of the Department of Health and Human Service’s Stop. Observe. Ask. Respond to Human Trafficking training for health care and social service providers.

Christina Bloem, MD, MPH, is a clinical assistant professor of emergency medicine and the director of the Division of International Emergency Medicine at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in New York City. A founding member and president of EMEDEX International, a nonprofit dedicated to the development of sustainable emergency medical systems worldwide, she has been designing and leading global health projects in emergency medicine for the last eight years. Her areas of interest include development of emergency medicine, intercultural communication, and prehospital systems.

Carrie A. Bohnert, MPA, is the director of the Standardized Patient (SP) Program at the University of Louisville School of Medicine in Louisville, Kentucky. She also serves as vice president for operations for the Association of Standardized Patient Educators. Her scholarly work focuses on the advancement of SP-based simulation.

Aaron W. Calhoun, MD, is an associate professor of pediatric critical care at the University of Louisville School of Medicine in Louisville, Kentucky, where he is also the director of the Simulation for Pediatric Assessment, Resuscitation, and Communication (SPARC) program at Norton Children’s Hospital. His scholarly interests include simulation, assessments, and the intersection of simulation education and ethics.

Danielle Hahn Chaet, MSB, is a research associate for the American Medical Association Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in Chicago. Her work involves researching, developing, and disseminating ethics policy and analyzing current issues and opinions in bioethics. She earned a master of science degree in bioethics, with a focus on clinical policy and clinical ethics consultation, from the joint program of Union Graduate College and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

William Polk Cheshire, Jr., MD, MA, is a professor of neurology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Jacksonville, Florida, where he chairs the Medical Ethics Committee and leads the Program in Professionalism & Values.

Makini Chisolm-Straker, MD, MPH, is an assistant professor of emergency medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Dedicated to the improvement of the health of “invisible populations” for over ten years, Dr. Chisolm-Straker has focused her research on human trafficking and transgender health in emergency settings. She is the co-founder of HEAL Trafficking, an international network of professionals combatting trafficking.

Kate D’Adamo, MA, is a national policy advocate at the Sex Workers Project in New York City, where she works on policy and social advocacy at the state, federal, and cross-regional level on issues impacting those engaged in the sex trade, including human trafficking and HIV. Prior to joining the Sex Workers Project, Kate was a lead organizer with the Sex Workers Outreach Project-NYC and Sex Workers Action New York, two constituent-led organizations supporting those trading sex in the NYC area. She has also worked on issues including human trafficking, labor rights, international solidarity, and migration at the International Commission for Labor Rights, Global Workers Justice Alliance, the Open Society Foundation, and the Freedom Network USA.

Rachel Dash, ACSW, MSW, is an assistant professor in the Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry at West Virginia University School of Medicine-Charleston, where she directs the family therapy training program for psychiatry residents and is a licensed clinical social worker. Her scholarly and clinical interests include traumatic stress, dissociative disorders, and treatment of the sequelae of childhood abuse.

Abigail English, JD, is the director of the Center for Adolescent Health & the Law in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. From 2012-2013, she served on the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council Committee on Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States. Her research and advocacy have focused on health insurance and public financing of care, consent and confidentiality protections, and sexual and reproductive health care. Her recent work has addressed human trafficking of the young and vulnerable.

Margeaux Gray is a survivor of child abuse and sex trafficking. Today, she advocates against all forms of abuse by mentoring at-risk youth, speaking to the public, and talking to doctors and organizations about ways to improve health care and social services for victims. Margeaux uses her talent as an artist to convey the beauty and value of individuals who are often overlooked in today’s society, among them victims of abuse, human trafficking, and those with disabilities.

Anna Gribble, MSW, MPH, is an ORISE Fellow at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Rockville, Maryland. A public health social worker dedicated to improving the health care system through a trauma-informed and patient-centered lens, Ms. Gribble previously worked closely with HEAL Trafficking on the development of a human trafficking protocol toolkit for health care professionals and with Dr. Hanni Stoklosa at Brigham and Women’s Hospital on improving care for survivors of trafficking.

Patrick L. Kerr, PhD, is a clinical psychologist and an associate professor in the Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry at West Virginia University (WVU) School of Medicine-Charleston, where he directs the WVU Dialectical Behavior Therapy Services Program. He also serves as a member of the West Virginia Human Trafficking Task Force. His research and clinical interests include suicidal behavior, non-suicidal self-injury, mood disorders, and traumatic stress.

Marti MacGibbon, CADC-II, ACRPS, is an inspirational speaker and author and an expert on trauma resolution and addiction. She uses her personal story to raise awareness of, and strip away stigma from, human trafficking, domestic violence, addiction, PTSD, and homelessness. As a human trafficking survivor leader and advocate, Ms. MacGibbon has lobbied and shared her expertise at the White House, US Department of State, and California State Legislature.

Wendy L. Macias-Konstantopoulos, MD, MPH, is a board-certified emergency physician at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston, where she is also a faculty member in the MGH Department of Emergency Medicine’s Division of Global Health & Human Rights, co-founding director of the Human Trafficking Initiative, and founding medical and executive director of the MGH Freedom Clinic, an innovative primary care clinic that provides comprehensive health care for human trafficking survivors. She is an assistant professor of emergency medicine at Harvard Medical School and has served as a subject matter expert for the US Department of Health and Human Services, conducted research, provided media interviews, published, and lectured widely on the topic of health and human trafficking.

Olivia F. Mittel, MD, MS, is the assistant dean for medical student affairs and an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Louisville School of Medicine in Louisville, Kentucky. Dr. Mittel earned a certificate in medical education from the Stritch School of Medicine at Loyola University, Chicago, and a Human Rights Award from the Kentucky Division of the United Nations Association for her work educating health care professionals about human trafficking.

Monir Moniruzzaman, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology and Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences at Michigan State University in East Lansing, where he regularly teaches the course, Social Contexts of Clinical Decision. His research examines human organ trafficking through the narratives of kidney and liver sellers from Bangladesh and has been published in major journals, presented at the US Congress Human Rights Commission, and transformed into art exhibits.

Rikki E. Morris, DO, is an international emergency medicine fellow at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in New York City and expects to complete a master’s degree in public health in 2017. She is currently developing international emergency medicine projects in both Ecuador and Haiti. Her areas of interest include international emergency medicine, global public health, and reproductive health.

Clydette Powell, MD, MPH, serves as the director of the Division of Health Care Quality within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health at the US Department of Health and Human Services in Washington, DC. She is also an adjunct associate professor of pediatrics at The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Dr. Powell has provided direct services to persons who have been trafficked and has also published in the field of human trafficking and presented at the first HHS Symposium on Human Trafficking in 2008.

Mary Richards, MFA, is an installation artist in St. Louis. She received her MFA from Ohio University and has worked as a gallery director and adjunct professor of art in the Washington, DC, and St. Louis areas for over a decade.

Rochelle Rollins, PhD, MPH, is a public health analyst in the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in Rockville, Maryland, who has worked on health disparities and social service issues related to vulnerable populations and the social determinants of health at the local, state, and federal level. She co-led the development of the HHS Stop. Observe. Ask. Respond to Human Trafficking training for health care and social service providers and co-chairs the Public Awareness and Prevention Subcommittee of the HHS Task Force to Prevent and End Human Trafficking.

Emily F. Rothman, ScD, is an associate professor at the Boston University School of Public Health and a visiting scientist at the Harvard Injury Control Research Center. Her areas of research expertise include intimate partner abuse, sexual violence, pornography, and human trafficking.

Hanni Stoklosa, MD, MPH, is the executive director of HEAL Trafficking and an emergency physician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, with appointments at Harvard Medical School, the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. She is a researcher, advocate, and speaker focusing on the public health of trafficking survivors in the US and internationally. She has advised the US Department of Health and Human Services, US Department of Labor, and National Academy of Medicine on issues of human trafficking and testified as an expert witness multiple times before the US Congress.

Joseph Stoklosa, MD, is an instructor in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston. He is also the assistant program director for the MGH/McLean Adult Psychiatry Residency Training Program and the clinical director of McLean Hospital’s Psychotic Disorders Division.

Jonathan Todres, JD, is a professor of law at Georgia State University College of Law in Atlanta. His research focuses on children’s rights issues. He has authored numerous publications on child trafficking and related forms of child exploitation.