AMA Journal of Ethics. February 2018, Volume 20, Number 2: 154-157.
Teaching Confidentiality through Comics at One Spanish Medical School
A comic is used to demonstrate that medical ethics topics, such as confidentiality, can be effectively taught with specially designed comics.
Artwork by Mónica Lalanda, MD, MSc, and caption by Mónica Lalanda, MD, MSc, Rogelio Altisent, MD, PhD, and Maria Teresa Delgado-Marroquín, MD, PhD
Comics are increasingly used in medical schools as a tool for students to reflect on their own experience, increase their empathy towards patients, and improve their communication skills . However, as far as we are aware, using customized comics to teach students specific content in health care ethics has not been attempted anywhere before. At the University of Zaragoza in Spain, we developed an innovative educational project: we created comics about confidentiality specifically for medical students and used them to teach preclinical students as part of their compulsory training. We’re now so convinced that comics should be used to teach even the most ethically complex concepts that we use a comic format to explain our experience to you as readers.
Mónica Lalanda, MD, MSc, is an emergency medicine physician in Spain and holds master of science degrees in medical ethics and bioethics. She is also a comic artist.
Rogelio Altisent, MD, PhD, is a general practitioner with the Research Group in Bioethics at the University of Zaragoza in Aragón, Spain. His professional interests include family medicine, bioethics, professionalism, education, teaching innovations, and clinical ethics committees.
Maria Teresa Delgado-Marroquín, MD, PhD, is an assistant professor of ethics at the University of Zaragoza Medical School in Aragón, Spain, where she also practices at Delicias Norte Health Center. She is trained as a bioethicist and general practitioner.
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